Located in Northern Central Africa, the Lake Chad,which was one of the largest water bodies on the African continent, is slowly disappearing. The Lake Chad Basin spreads over seven countries: Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, Algeria, Sudan,Central African Republic and Cameroon. The lake’s water level and size has shrunk a massive 90% compared with what it was in the 1960s while its surface area has decreased from a peak of 25,000 square kilometres to approximately 1,350 sq.km today (World Bank, 2014) and its disappearanceis having a tremendous impact on the communities surrounding it.
After several days of negotiations, an Agreement was finally attained between 195 Nations, the Agreement will be open for signature next April, and will come into force in January 2020.Although it may not meet everyone’s expectations, it’s an agreement that everyone can contribute to.
The specified objective of the Agreement is to; hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 ˚C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels.